Malaysian Journal of Chemistry, 2017, Vol. 19(2), 124 – 130 

Use of Aluminium Phosphate for Sealing
the Electric Arc Thermal Spray Nickel Chromium
Alloy Coating

Nguyen Van Tuan1*, Le Thu Quy2, Dinh Thi Mai Thanh1, Pham Thi Ly1
and Pham Thi Ha1
1Institute for Tropical Technology, VAST, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
2National Key Laboratory for Welding and Surface Treatment Technologies, NARIME, 4 Pham Van Dong, Cau
Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam

 *Corresponding author: (e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Received: January 2015; Accepted: September 2017


The NiCr20 alloy coating on a carbon steel substrate was penetrated by aluminium phosphate sealant at room temperature and under normal pressure for 12 h. Thereafter, the impregnated coatings were heat-treated at 100°C for 2 h, followed by 200°C for 2 h, and at the final curing temperature of 400°C for 4 h. The aluminium phosphate sealant was synthetized with a molar ratio P/Al = 2.3. The analysis on the cross-sectional microstructure by mean of the SEM-EDX revealed that the sealant penetrated into the coating to a depth of 700 µm. After the sealing treatment, about 85% of the pores inside the coating were filled. The XRD phase analysis on the coating surface showed an absence of crystalline compounds between NiCr20 alloy and aluminium phosphate, that meant that there was no reaction between the alloy coating and the sealant. In comparison with the unsealed coating, the application of the sealant improved the coating’s wear resistance by 12 times and the microhardness about 25%. 

Key words: Aluminium phosphate sealant; thermal spray coating; nickel chromium alloy; wear resistance 


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